WASH Consultant

The Job

TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR ASSESSMENT OF NEWLY CONSTRUCTED AND REHABILITATED WASH SYSTEMS IN YEMEN

Background

The International Rescue Committee (IRC) has been implementing water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions in Yemen since 2012 including a comprehensive set of emergency interventions aimed at improving access to both safe drinking water and sanitation facilities as well as supporting safe hygiene practices in line with SPHERE minimum standards. All interventions are focused on ensuring that people affected by conflict are protected from WASH-related diseases. In 2019 and 2020, the IRC with financial support from the US Bureau for Humanitarian Assistance (BHA) rehabilitated old and constructed new water systems in five governorates i.e. Aden,Abyan, Al Dhale`e,Shabwa, and Lahj. Rehabilitation works varied based on individual needs assessed per water source. These included replacement of broken or badly damaged pipes; construction of new water reservoirs/storage tanks, rehabilitation of existing tanks, replacement of broken or old pumping equipment with more economically sustainable options (e.g. solar pumping systems). In some locations, more extensive repairs were undertaken due to long-term lack of maintenance of existing water systems and structural deterioration of steel pipes majorly caused by the corrosive nature of water obtained from groundwater sources/wells. To ensure sustainability of rehabilitated water sources, community Water Management Committees (WMCs) were established or revitalized where they already existed. The role of WMCs is to support the monitoring of rehabilitation works and then taking over responsibility for maintenance of water sources once the rehabilitation is completed. The IRC provided training for each WMC to equip them with knowledge and skills in managing, operating and maintaining their water supply schemes. Local Water and Sanitation Corporations in cities were also supported with spare parts to perform day to day operations and maintenance of the rehabilitated and newly constructed water systems. Selected health facilities were also supported to improve their clean water supply, sanitation, health care waste management, hygiene and environmental cleaning infrastructure.

Assessment Purpose and Scope

The IRC seeks to undertake a follow up assessment in selected locations where WASH systems were newly constructed or rehabilitated between 2019 and 2020 with financial support from BHA (refer to Annex A). This exercise will help the IRC and BHA in understanding the durability and functionality of water and sanitation interventions in five governorates in Yemen. The assessment is a result of the IRC and BHA’s recognition that construction quality and community management capacity issues may occur especially in emergency contexts like Yemen. Assessment findings will be used by the IRC, BHA and other partners to improve design and implementation of subsequent WASH projects. Only WASH infrastructure constructed and rehabilitated between 2019 and 2020 with financial support from BHA will be targeted.

The main objectives of the exercise are to;

  • Assess the functionality and maintenance of WASH infrastructure in line with SPHERE minimum standards
  • Solicit feedback from users on how the WASH infrastructure has improved their welfare
  • Assess mechanisms that were put in place to ensure that the WASH infrastructure remains operational and sustainable beyond the project life cycle
  • Document lessons learnt and recommendations that will inform the design and implementation of future WASH projects

For each site visited, below are some of the questions that will guide data collection;

For each water supply system, please provide a brief summary of the rehabilitation works completed.  

Is the system/infrastructure currently functional and in use?  If no, why?

  1. Have there been any technical problems since rehabilitation/construction?  If yes, what were they and how were they repaired?
  2. Does the quality of the work appear to be durable or are there already signs of damage?

Is the system/infrastructure functioning as originally designed, e.g. producing the volume of water expected? If not, why?

  1. Are there design elements that are particularly effective or that you would implement differently next time?
  2. What is the current volume of water per person per day being produced by the system?

What do the users think?

  1. Is the access to water better/same/worse than before? 
  2. What suggestions do they have?

How does the chlorination system work?

  1. Where is chlorine purchased/obtained from?
  2. Who is responsible for chlorination?
  3. Are there any community concerns regarding the taste or other effects of chlorine?
  4. What is the FRC at the point of distribution the time of the follow-up visit?  If feasible, please visit 1-2 households who have recently collected water to check FRC.

What is the management structure responsible for the communal infrastructure?

  1. For new structures, what additional training or technical support do they need?
  2. If the management structure is not functional, why?
  3. Is there a user fee or a cost recovery system)?  If yes, what is it? If no, how do the communities cover the operation and maintenance costs? 

For solar pumping systems:

  1. Have there been any technical problems since installation?  If yes, how were they repaired?
  2. Are the solar panels clean?
  3. Approximately, how many hours does the solar pump operate each day?
  1. For hybrid systems with a generator, how often is the generator used? If there is a technical problem in the future, who will the management structure contact?
  2. What are the main observations and points of learning from the follow-up visits? 
  3. Are there any changes to designs, material specifications, committee training, chlorination system, contractor monitoring, etc.?

The list of questions is not exhaustive. The consultant will be expected to come up with more questions to fully address the assessment objectives. 

Proposed Methodology

Site visits will be conducted to assess technical issues related to the functionality of WASH infrastructure that were constructed or rehabilitated in the five governorates. Focus group discussions will be held with users (male and female) coupled with key informant interviews with members of Water Management Committees and Local Water and Sanitation Corporations. Observation checklists and geo referenced photos will also be used to document the functionality of the WASH infrastructure. Available water quality records at various sites will also be reviewed. A more detailed assessment approach and methodology will be developed by the selected consultant.

Key deliverables

The consultant will be expected to submit the following;

  • A detailed inception report and data collection tools after signing the consultancy agreement
  • A draft evaluation report for review by the IRC Yemen Country Management Team, Environmental Health and MEAL Coordinators. The findings should be organized per governorate and site visited.    
  • A final report after incorporating comments from the IRC Yemen team
  • Copies of detailed transcripts of each interview conducted and high quality geo referenced photos of all the WASH sites visited in each governorate  

Qualifications and Experience of the Consultant

  • An advanced degree in water and sanitation, public health or a development related field
  • At least 5 years’ work experience in water and sanitation, public health or development related field at national and sub-national levels
  • Experience in leading WASH program reviews and evaluations in Yemen or other Middle East countries
  • Excellent report writing skills

The consultant is expected to recruit other resource persons if deemed necessary to support data collection.  

Management of the Assessment

The assessment will be directed, implemented and managed by the selected consultant in collaboration with IRC Yemen.  The MEAL Coordinator with technical support and guidance from the Environmental Health Coordinator will monitor its implementation and provide quality assurance throughout the process.

Duration of the Assignment

The entire exercise is expected to last 20 working days from the date of signing the consultancy contract. The final report is expected not later than March 31, 2020. Below is a breakdown of the allocated time;

Key Tasks

Allocated days

Development of the inception report and data collection tools

4 days

Training of research assistants

2 days

Data collection phase

7 days

Data analysis and report writing

5 days

Revision of the draft report and submission of the final version

2 days

How to Apply

Application Process

Qualified candidates are requested to submit:

  • A curriculum vitae showing how the consultant meets the required qualifications, experience and related assignments conducted in the past. This should include contact details of organizations where the assignments were conducted.
  • One example of a report for a similar consultancy assignment that were accomplished
  • A technical proposal of not more than 5 pages;
  • Highlighting how the applicant understood and interpreted the assignment, how they will address each of the assessment objectives and any suggestions to improve the outcomes of the assignment.
  • A more elaborate methodology that the consultant will utilize

The financial proposal should not be longer than one page.

Applications should be submitted by February 1st March 2021 to the following addresses; https://rescue.csod.com/ux/ats/careersite/1/home/requisition/12445?c=rescue

Annex A: List of selected WASH systems that were constructed and rehabilitated

Governorate

District

Sub-district

Type of infrastructure

Type of Water System

Solar Pump  (Water Systems)

ADEN

Alburiqa

Alqaloua'ah

Water-Sanitation in Health Facilities

Piped Network

No

AL DHALE’E

Al Azariq

Gabal Awas

Water system

Well

Yes

Al Shuaib

Ammqet

 

Water system

Well

Yes

Al Dhalee

Thakhar

Water-Sanitation in Health Facilities

Piped network

No

LAHJ

Kheli Hesi

Kheli Hesi

Water system

Well

Yes

Radfan

Maraban

Water system

Well

Yes

Habeel Jaber

Al-Askariah

Water-Sanitation in Health Facilities

Piped Network

No

ABYAN

Mudiyah

AlGeblah

Water-Sanitation in Health Facilities

Piped Network

No

Lawder

Sefaq

Water system

Well

Yes

Lawder

Almakhrageen

Water system

Well

Yes

SHABWAH

Mayfa'ah

Qabayl Alsomor

Water-Sanitation in Health Facilities

Piped Network

No

Mayfa'ah

Alhadhan

Water system

Well

Yes

Mayfa'ah

Alragah

Water system

Borehole

No

  • Employer: IRC
  • Category: Engineering
  • Location: Yemen
  • Posted on: 22 February 2021
  • Deadline: 1 March 2021
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