Ended Provide Marketable Vocational Skills Training & Business Development Services to CAAFAG & Children at Risk


Provide marketable vocational skills training and business development services to CAAFAG and children at risk.


Increase the stabilization and the security of the targeted areas through socioeconomic reintegration of children associated with armed forces and armed groups (CAAFAG) vulnerable youth and marginalized groups. It is expected that at the end of the project, the entry of children into armed conflict will have been reduced.


Prevent the recruitment of children and youth and sustainably reintegrate children formally associated with the conflict in Sana’a, Hajjah and Lahj governorates of Yemen.


Sana’a, Hajja and Lahj Governorates


8 months


International Labour Organization (ILO)


The Yemeni people have been undergoing one of the worse humanitarian crisis on a global scale. Prior to the political unrest in the country, Yemen was already facing major socio-economic challenges. Additionally, the transition of the country throughout many political forms and phases did not manage to reach a stable structure where the rule of law presided over the country. Moreover, underlying animosities among various factions had accumulated over the years. Although the country’s economic situation had been declining since the political change, the start of the armed conflict and its spread since the year 2015 has had a major and devastating affect over the country.
The subsequent collapse of basic infrastructure, rapid devaluation of the Yemeni Riyal, breakdown in supply chain lines, displacement of more than 3 million Yemenis, and continuing conflict have all contributed to very challenging living conditions in Yemen that have affected livelihoods as well as the wellbeing of many Yemenis. One of the most affected groups are children, many of whom lack access to adequate services including education. Many of whom find themselves forced to practice some of the worst forms of labour to provide for their families.
The current protracted violent armed conflict in Yemen, which began in March 2015, has killed at least 17,700 civilians and injured over 70,000.   The conflict has displaced around 4.3 million individual’s people to flee their homes.  More than 80 percent of the Yemenis require some form of humanitarian assistance, including 14.4 million people unable to meet their food needs (of whom 7.6 million are severely food insecure), 19.4 million who lack clean water and sanitation (of whom 9.8 million lost access to water because of conflict), and 14.1 million without adequate healthcare.  Children are among the most vulnerable groups and are disproportionately affected by the conflict as they are robbed of their childhood. Unable to learn and fulfil their potential, they are victims of grave human rights violations.
The Secretary General’s 2017 Annual Report on Children and Armed Conflict listed five parties for grave violations against children, such as killing and maiming children, bombing schools and hospitals with impunity, in conditions close to famine and devastating cholera outbreak. The Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) verified 1,309 cases of child death as a result of conflict between January 2015 and September 2016, in addition to 1,950 cases of child injury-more than half of these casualties as a result of coalition airstrikes.  Ground engagements, shelling, landmines and unexploded ordnance also resulted in child casualties. The casualty figures reflect the nature of the conflict; areas where children were present, such as residential areas, markets, schools and hospitals, continued to be affected by attacks carried out by all parties to the conflict. Children are also experiencing family separation; conflict-related psychological trauma; exploitation and lack of access to protection services.  The conflict also has direct and indirect impact on child labour as thousands of children are fighting wars as part of the armed groups. Some of them are used as combatants and take part in direct hostilities, while others are used in supportive roles.

The Scope of Work

A large number of CAAFAG are unemployed and unskilled without much formal or informal education. Their job prospects are therefore minimal. Consequently, many of those recruited are from female-headed households or poor families (including IDPs) as they are expected to take the role of breadwinner. A significant number have mental health issues. The armed actors raise their manpower from this target group. They are thus highly susceptible to recruitment, which has disastrous potential consequences for stability, peace and economic development. Due to the lack of employment there is no shortage of willing recruits for the child soldiers. Consequently, providing jobs to former child soldiers of legal working age is of key importance to ensure their sustainable reintegration into society and to prevent them from being re-recruited by armed forces or groups or from engaging in exploitative work. In view of this, the project will support 200 CAAFAG and children at risk access improved sustainable income to support themselves and their families.
The proposed intervention will adopt a multi-pronged approach in order to increase to market-driven skills training which is critical for the CAAFAG and children at risk to obtain relevant skills needed to secure employment, gain self-esteem and adjust to changes in labour demand. The selection of the approaches will be based on the following criteria: i) responsiveness to the needs of the labour market as identified through the rapid labour market assessment; ii) relevance to the needs of the target beneficiaries; iii) effectiveness in placing CAAFAG and children at risk in gainful employment with some degree of sustainability; iv) strategic fit within the intended impact of the DRL’s objective to support and empower local Yemenis efforts to address the recruitment and use of child soldiers by non-government armed actors and/or government security forces, support the implementation of the May 2014 UN Action Plan to End Recruitment and Use of Children by Armed Force and hence contribute to peaceful resolution to conflict in Yemen; v) benefits to vulnerable adolescent girls and other specified marginalized groups (i.e. access and equity); vi) opportunity for capacity building, involvement of the civil society organizations, Yemeni government institutions, and/or local-level influencers, private sectors, etc.; vii) potential for sustainability beyond DRL resources. 
Consequently the project will support the implementation of the Joint Action Plan to end and prevent the recruitment and use of children by parties involved in grave violations against children. In collaboration with UNICEF, The project will contribute to identification, verification and secure the release of underage recruits still associated with armed conflict as well as support their integration back into their communities. It will also contribute in increased engagement towards the signature of the Action Plan with listed warring parties, advocacy with all parties to end violations against children and strengthen existing mechanisms that are included in the Child Act.

Project outputs and activities :

The outcome of this component is “Former CAAFAG and other children at risk of recruitment above the minimum working age are reintegrated through access to employable skills for improved working conditions and sustainable income”

Output 2.1 CAAFAG and CAR are assisted in matching their skills/aspirations to labour market needs

Activity 2.1.2 Organise labour orientation initiatives

Output 2.2 CAAFAG and CAR acquire vocational skills through ILO upgraded informal apprenticeship system

Activity 2.2.1Provide marketable vocational skills training to 200 CAAFAG and children at risk
This intervention will provide employable skills training to the CAAFAG and CAR through the ILO’s upgraded informal apprenticeship model. Locations where a high concentration of CAAFAG will be chosen through existing reports and available information. The exact criteria for selection will be developed in consultation with partners Upgraded informal apprenticeship model refers to a dual training delivery system i.e.; provision of vocational skills training within an enterprise, business, factory or workshop through on-the-job-training and theoretical training at an suitable training institute where apprentices learn core skills such as life skills, entrepreneurial skills, problem solving skills, teamwork, time management and communication skills. A minimum of two thirds of the entire training is, however, devoted to practical training at the workplace.
Where possible, beneficiaries will be linked to ILO’s existing programme on improved informal apprenticeships.  The upgraded informal apprenticeship system addresses decent work deficit in informal apprenticeship such as low occupational safety and health (OSH), inadequate social protection, and exclusion of the most disadvantaged groups including CAAFAG and children at risk. Additionally, an upgraded informal apprenticeship system will ensure that apprentices acquire technical and vocational skills to become a competent craftsperson, gain problem solving skills, acquire business skills to prepare them for self-employment and receive formal recognition of their skills at the end of their apprenticeship.
The upgraded informal apprenticeship system approach is highly relevant given the following: i) the limited educational qualifications of the target beneficiaries; ii) under-developed formal sector, especially for adolescent girls; iii) the size of the informal sector which is the largest employer. The informal sector constitutes 97.2 percent of industrial employment  in Yemen as a whole; iv) the scale of the unemployment problem among the CAAFAG and children at risk.

Output 2.4 CAAFAG and CAR empowered to set up and run their own small businesses

Activity 2.4.1 Provide business development services (BDS) to CAAFAG and children at risk
For youth who demonstrate the potential for entrepreneurship the project will provide business development services (BDS) with the view of empowering them set up and run their own small businesses and create decent employment opportunities for others in the process. Tools and resources developed by ILO’s existing projects will be used and beneficiaries will be provided with advisory services and referred to Business Development Services Centres which ILO has supported.

To download all the details in an MS Word Format, and to veiw the Form, please download the attached file found to the right of this page under Attachements and Downloads

Submission of proposals

The ILO invites technical and financial proposals from qualified organizations to implement the assignment. The proposals should include detailed methodology, a cover letter/motivation letter explaining why they are the most suitable for the work, and a detailed budget. Technically and financially qualified organization/s will be awarded a contract as per ILO procurement and financial rules and regulations.

Capacity assessment:

As part of your proposal you must fill-in the capacity assessment form for your organization.

Application Process

Interested and qualified Implementing Agents (Local NGOs) are requested to send their technical and financial proposals, no later than 17 August 2019 COB to Rehab Fadhel via email at fadhel@ilo.org and copy simba@ilo.org