Risk and Resilience Assessment

Terms of Reference

Risk and Resilience Assessment


1. Context

Search for Common Ground

Search is an international conflict transformation NGO that aims to transform the way individuals, groups, governments and companies deal with conflict, away from adversarial approaches and towards collaborative solutions. Headquartered in Washington DC, USA, and Brussels, Belgium, with 52 field offices in 29 countries, Search designs and implements multifaceted, culturally appropriate and conflict-sensitive programs using a diverse range of tools, including media and training, to promote dialogue, increase knowledge and determine a positive shift in behaviors. In Yemen, Search works in Abyan, Hadramout, Aden, Lahj, Ta’izz and Ibb governorates and maintains a wide and robust relationship network of local civil society organizations.

The Project

The scope of work (SoW) described in this ToR will contribute to the overall research and assessment taking place under a regional violence prevention program implemented by Search.  The regional project focuses on at risk and marginalized groups across the region. The program consists of i.) an in-depth integrated research process ii.) the development of a pilot early warning and early response system (EWERS), and iii.) The design and implementation of targeted initiatives aimed at preventing violence and strengthening the capacity and resilience of at-risk groups. The scope of work outlined in this ToR focuses on the field research component of the program in Yemen.  The goals and objectives of the research are described below.

2. Goal and Objectives of Study

Search Yemen plans to supervise the implementation of a risk assessment of marginalized groups and identify early warning and other prevention and response mechanisms for at risk populations Specifically, the objectives of the study are broken down into three components:

  1. Violence & Resilience Assessment: This component will identify and examine the groups that are at risk of violence, the types and extent of risks they face, and potential resources and opportunities for resilience.
  2. Barriers to Services: This component will identify and examine barriers to rights and services for marginalized groups.
  3. Early Warning & Early Response (EWERS): This component will examine what formal and informal EWERS exist in the country, their effectiveness, and challenges, as well as potential opportunities for intervention.

3. Key Questions of the Study

As noted above, each component of the research seeks to examine separate but inter-related lines of inquiry.  As this summary ToR cannot be exhaustive, a full list of research questions is not provided here. However, the following research questions summarize the key lines of inquiry, broken down by each component of the research.

a. Violence & Resilience Assessment:

  • Which groups are at risk of violence and to what extent do these risks exist in the short and medium term?
  • What violence prevention and mitigation mechanisms, strategies and capacities already exist?

b. Barriers to Services:

  • What are the significant barriers to access protection and socio-economic opportunities to at risk groups?
  • What is the impact of these barriers on the identified at-risk groups?
  • What strategies do the identified at-risk groups currently use to overcome these barriers?

c. Early Warning & Early Response (EWERS) Mechanisms:

  • What formal and informal EWERS exist in targeted at-risk communities?
  • Are these EWERS effective in preventing violence? If so, what factors make them effective?
  • What capacities exist in identified communities to identify and respond to warning signs of violence?

While each component of the research seeks to address separate lines of inquiry, the collection of data and subsequent analysis should be completed with a holistic view of the larger goals and objectives.  Analysis from each component should be applied to other components where appropriate.

4. Geographic Locations

The research will target Taiz Governorate, Al-Dhale Governorate, and Aden Governorates. Specific districts will be finalized with the Search team. Quantitative research should include representative samples of populations in each district while qualitative research should focus on communities with the most at risk populations within each district as well as other relevant actors.

Final target communities within each governorate will be identified and agreed upon through consultations with researchers and Search management. )

5. Methodology and Data Collection Tools

Search-Yemen seeks a consultancy firm /consultant to undertake the data collection and analysis process for a risk and resilience assessment including a quantitative community survey, Key Informant Interviews (KII) and Focus Group Discussions (FGD). This assessment will be informed by a compilation of secondary data and analysis in the form of a literature review (already produced). The selected firm/ consultant will be provided with a set of research tools and protocols for the survey, FGDs and KIIs. The FGDs will target women, men, youth and other relevant informative groups in selected communities. KIIs will target elected and civil society leaders, Local Council members and frontline workers among others. Both FGD and KIIs will serve to better understand the local context, risks, and opportunities as they relate to the objectives of this assessment. A statistically significant survey will seek to gain larger community perspectives and attitudes. Together, the data resulting from the application of the tools should be analyzed and used to develop an assessment report. The data gathered will guide the design and development of appropriate interventions as well as inform recommendations for policy for partners and key stakeholders.

While the research tools and protocols will be provided by Search Yemen, the consultant(s) will be expected to work closely to with Search technicians to make any adaptations necessary to align with contextual specifications of the target location or group.  (e.g. This may include the re-wording or modification of some of the questions in KII, FGD, guides or questionnaires). Final tools will be approved by Search Yemen ahead of their use in the research.

Because of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, a clear, action-based plan should be included in applicant’s proposal for this study. It should include a comprehensive plan to safeguard the safety and health of the research team and respondents. 


The successful completion of the Scope of Work under this ToR will include the following tasks and deliverables by the external consultant(s):

  • An inception report detailing the methodology, data collection tools and timeline
    • As noted above, the data collection tools will be provided by Search Yemen to the consultant(s).  However, any proposed modifications to the tools should be included in the inception report.
  • Any necessary training of data collectors or set-up of systems for data collection;
  • Supervision and participation and quality control of the data collection process:
  • Oversight of data coding and analysis;
  • The delivery of all original data to Search Yemen;
  • A draft research report in English for review by Search staff and partners;
    • The draft report will be reviewed by Search and feedback will be provided to the consultant to be integrated into a final draft.
  • A final report summarizing the findings in English consistent with Search branding and standards. The report:
    • Uses the Search report template unless otherwise agreed in the contract
    • Provides a clear connection between the assessment and the intended results, and includes other relevant project specifics
    • Fully explains the objectives and research questions of the study, limitations and methods chosen for analysis,
    • Findings respect Search’s evaluation standards are structured around the main objectives of the study, and are presented in relation to the intended target groups. It should explain adaptations that occurred during the project and their impact on results.
    • Recommendations should have a clear audience and be specific, accessible, and actionable.
    • Indicator table showing all indicators
    • Appendices should include detailed research instruments, list of interviewee, terms of references and evaluator(s) brief biography.
      (​​​​​​This may be adapted based on needs for confidentiality and will be agreed upon prior to contrcting). 

Logistical Support

Consultant(s) will be responsible for organizing their own logistics for data collection (vehicles, fuel, and drivers), and this must be budgeted into the study. Search can provide support in arranging logistics as agreed upon based on the consultant’s proposal and will be agreed upon ahead of contracting. At least one Search staff member may be available to support data collection and logistics throughout the process.

In addition, Search and partners will share the following elements with the external consultant(s):

  • The full literature review outlining secondary data and analysis already produced, research tools and any other M&E documents and tools relevant to the successful completion of the deliverables outlined in this ToR.

6. Ethical Considerations

The consultancy firm/ consultant must take concrete and documented steps to ensure Do No Harm and Conflict Sensitivity and inclusion principles (ie. gender, age, ethnicity, religion, etc.) in the assessment.  These should be outlined in the consultant(s) proposal. 

The consultant(s) is/are required to respect the following Ethical Principles:

  • Comprehensive and systematic inquiry: the consultant should make the most of the existing information and full range of stakeholders available at the time of the review. Consultant should conduct systematic, databased inquiries. He or she should communicate his or her methods and approaches accurately and in sufficient detail to allow others to understand, interpret and critique his or her work. He or she should make clear the limitations of the review and its results.
  • Competence: the consultant should possess the abilities, skills, and experience appropriate to undertake the tasks proposed and should practice within the limits of his or her professional training and competence.
  • Honesty and integrity: the consultant should be transparent with the contractor/constituent about: any conflict of interest, any change made in the negotiated project plan and the reasons why those changes were made, any risk that certain procedures or activities produce misleading review information.
  • Respect for people: the consultant should respect the security, dignity, and self-worth of the respondents and program participants. Consultant has the responsibility to be sensitive to, and respect differences amongst participants in culture, religion, gender, disability, age, and ethnicity.

7. Data Quality Assurance and Management

The consultant(s) must observe ‘’Do No Harm’’ principles and protocol while carrying out all aspects of the research under this ToR ensure protection of respondents and enumerators. The consultant(s) will supervise the enumerators and keep the information and questionnaire tools before and after data collection. The consultant(s) will oversee data quality issues during data collection, management and report writing.  Because of the potentially sensitive nature of the data, the identity of the respondents should always be kept secure . A system of name coding should be used to ensure the anonymity of the respondents on all research forms.

8. Timeline

The timeline following the contracting of the consultancy firm/ consultant will span a period of six (6) weeks.  This period should include the inception and approval of the methodology and research plan (calendar), the collection of data, the presentation of initial findings, a draft submission of the final report, and the submission of the revised report.




Period (2020)
















Finalize the recruitment of the consultant












Tool Adaptation












Submit the inception report w/ agreed methodology and updated calendar












Data collection












Submit key findings of the assessment












Provide draft report












Feedback provided












Final Report Submitted













10. Requirements of Consultant

Search-Yemen seeks an experienced research consultancy firm/ consultant with the following qualifications. (Consultancy firms should propose lead researchers with these qualifications).

  • A minimum bachelor’s level degree in conflict resolution, international relations, a related social science field or statistics. (Preferred MA or MS with a focus on research).
  • Proposed researchers should have proficiency in Arabic and English with team members who have the capacity to communicate and understand local dialects of targeted zones and populations.
  • More than 5 years of experience in project evaluation or the equivalent in DM&E expertise, including collecting data in interviews, surveys, and focus groups discussions.
  • Evaluation methods and data collection skills, particularly in active or post-conflict contexts
  • Experience in human rights, violence prevention, and peace building or conflict resolution.
  • Experience in qualitative and quantitative analysis.
  • Understanding of and experience in Yemen.
  • Strong communication and writing skills.
  • Understanding of and experience working with CSOs.
  • Ability to be flexible with time and work schedule.

In addition, the consultant is required to respect the following Ethical Principles listed above. 

Selection Criteria

Consultant proposals will be selected for:

  1. Relevance of proposed methodology to the goal, objectives, and research questions for the project.
  2. Quality of proposed methods, conflict sensitivity/do-no-harm approaches, and quality control measures.
  3. Qualifications of the candidate(s).
  4. Proposed budget in relation to proposed methodology, deliverables and team.
  5. Timeline for proposed activities.


To apply, interested candidates (individuals or teams) are requested to submit the following two documents:

  • Curriculum vitae of primary researchers (and research team if applicable);
  • A technical proposal proposing a methodology for the assessment together with a financial proposal for the completion of the aforementioned deliverables and a short cover letter.
  •   For companies interested to apply, profile, legal licenses are required.


How to apply

All interested companies and individuals are requested to deliver hard copies of the technical and financial proposals, and other required in one package in sealed envelope before the deadline below mentioned to the Organization Addresses: 

SFCG Aden Office:

Khor Maksar, Diplomatic neighborhood, behind Amin Nashir institute:

Tel: 02 234 133

       02 276 611


SFCG Sana’a Office:

Street No 6-B branching from Amman St, Villa No.4

Tel: 01 443 308/9


Note: Only two documents can be submitted, so the technical and financial proposals must be combined, along with the short cover letter.

Applicants with an interest in applying should contact Edward Sloan esloan@sfcg.org or for complimentary information related to this ToR. 

The Deadline for Applications is 30 September, 2020.